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Scioto Valley 99s

Central Ohio Chapter of the Ninety-Nines
Banner Photo

This is an abbreviated website.

Clicking on any link pointing to information earlier than last year
will transfer you to our full-size, ad-free information-only website at:
www.99s-sciotovalley.org/
Interlocking Nines logo

Upcoming Events

Chapter Meetings usually (but not always) are held in the Administration Building, on the south side of the OSU airport, 2160 W. Case Road in Columbus.

Air Marking Projects

Compass Rose Painting

Today, Ninety-Nines carry on the tradition and fulfill the need for airmarkings by volunteering their time to paint the airport names, compass rose symbols and other identifications on airports. Compass roses are used at airports for swinging airplane compasses (calibrating to current local magnetic variation and reducing compass errors.)

Aerial view of painting work at Madison County Airport

The Scioto Valley Chapter of the Ninety-Nines uses the basic design of the compass rose prepared by the Air Marking Chairman of the North-Central Section of the 99s, revised March, 1988, from a design made earlier by the Three Rivers Chapter.

The Scioto Valley Chapter modified the procedure of the layout, but kept the design itself nearly unchanged. We made some minor adjustments in the logo of the interlocking nines for a more accurate rendition of the official logo, and re-depicted the logo within a rectangular grid centered on the origin of the compass rose. Also, we request the surveyor to mark magnetic directions every 30 degrees around the circle, eliminating some difficult geometrical constructions that were required when only the North line was surveyed.

The Scioto Valley Chapter has used these procedures since 1990, and has been quite successful in producing very striking compass roses at numerous airports in central Ohio, New Mexico, and Colorado.

Here is a list of the Scioto Valley Compass Rose projects to date:

Date Location Ident
September 15, 1990 Fayette County, OH I23
September 7, 1991 Coshocton County, OH I40
June 20, 1992 Union County, OH KMRT
July 15, 1995 Coshocton County, OH I40
June 29, 1996 Holmes County, OH 10G
September 27, 1997 Madison County, OH KUYF
June 5, 1999 Delaware Municipal, OH KDLZ
October 19, 2001 Raton Municipal, NM KRTN
September 25, 2002 Cañon City, CO KCNE
October 11, 2003 Greene County, OH I19
June 5, 2004 Delaware Municipal, OH KDLZ
August 13, 2005 Darby Dan (Columbus), OH 75OA
May 19, 2007 Delaware Municipal, OH KDLZ
October 28, 2007 Union County, OH KMRT
July 19, 2008 Delaware Municipal, OH KDLZ
May 12, 2012 Madison County, OH KUYF
October 13, 2012 Raton Municipal, NM KRTN
May 11, 2014 Delaware Municipal, OH KDLZ
May 7, 2017 Union County, OH KMRT

Pictures and stories from several of these projects are in the Photo pages. A few of the entries in the above list of "Locations" link to those project pages.

Compass-Rose Instructions

The following documents are in PDF (Portable Document Format), and you may print copies of them if you wish. The margin settings in the documents should be satisfactory for most printers using letter-size paper when the page-scaling option is set to None on your printer setup page. If your printer cuts off some of the text, you may need to temporarily change the page-scaling option to: Fit to Printable Area (or similar option) on your printer setup page before sending the document to your printer.

After viewing these documents, use your browser's BACK button to return here.

Click here for a printable set of Compass-Rose instructions, complete with diagrams.

Click here for a printable copy of the stencils. The Scioto and Valley stencils should be printed on separate sheets of paper and cut carefully with an X-Acto style of knife. You may need to print a current year stencil. The year page was created in Microsoft Word, using a landscape layout and minimum-allowable margins, with the type-font of Stencil at 325-point size, centered both horizontally and vertically. If your computer does not have the TrueType Stencil font installed, you may be able to locate a copy of STENCIL.TTF and place it into the Windows\Fonts folder of your operating system.

How to Know When Your Compass Needs Adjustment

Compass Compensator Magnets

For airworthiness, the FAA requires that your magnetic compass must show no greater than ±10° error for any magnetic heading. Aviation compasses are equipped with internal compensating magnets that can be adjusted to cancel out compass disturbances for most of the residual magnetism of your aircraft’s iron and steel components, such as engines, landing gear, hinges, and fasteners, thus improving the accuracy of your compass readings, usually well within the FAA limits. One of the compensating magnets, labeled N-S, trims error from the north- and south readings. The other compensating magnet, labeled E-W, trims error from the east- and west readings. Together, those two adjustments at right angles to each other can approximately neutralize the local horizontal component of your residual airframe magnetization oriented at any bearing angle relative to the longitudinal axis of the airplane.

Compass-Rose Check

With engine(s) running, battery fully charged, and avionics turned on, align your airplane with a compass rose and record your compass readings for known magnetic headings of North, South, East, and West. Separately examine the two compass readings for your North and South headings, and your other two compass readings for your East and West headings. If both the North and South readings deviate to the same side (i.e. either both a little westerly or both a little easterly), then the north-seeking pole of your compass needle is being attracted slightly toward one wing or the other, and the N-S compensator could reduce that error. By similar reasoning, if both the East and West readings deviate to the same side (i.e. either both a little northerly or both a little southerly), then the north-seeking pole of your compass needle is being attracted slightly toward your airplane’s nose or tail, and the E-W compensator could reduce that error. Contact your aircraft or avionics maintenance technician to complete the compass compensation procedure.

Otherwise finish the full compass swing for readings every 30° around the circle, and prepare an updated compass-calibration card, if needed. Your gyroscopic Heading Indicator can be very useful throughout this process. Set your H.I. accurately to the magnetic heading of your first alignment over the compass rose, then use it to help you align your aircraft to all subsequent headings. If your Heading Indicator is not equipped with automatic magnetic slaving, you shouldn't use it as a precise reference for more than a few minutes between directional resets. Earth's rotation alone is enough to cause a perfectly frictionless free-spinning gyroscope to precess about 10° per hour at temperate-zone latitudes.

Misaligned Compass Roses

As the North Magnetic Pole migrates northwestwardly through the Canadian Arctic toward Russia, distorting the worldwide geomagnetic-field pattern as it goes, all compass roses in the contiguous United States gradually begin to point further clockwise relative to the changing local magnetic north. The rate this error accumulates can be as high as several tenths of a degree per year in some areas of the U.S.A. Within a decade or so after a compass-rose creation, users may need to account for that pointing error when swinging a compass over an outdated compass rose.

For example, if an old compass rose lagged 2° behind the current magnetic north direction, swinging a perfectly compensated compass over that rose would appear to yield a compass-correction card with +2° of error in all directions. It would be necessary to subtract that constant 2° from all the entries on the compass-correction card. That would then show properly how the compass reads relative to the actual geomagnetic field, thus correcting for the clockwise alignment error of the outdated compass rose.

In short, swing a compass in the usual way over an old compass rose, but subtract the pointing error of the compass rose from every correction value listed on the correction card.

A useful website for calculating historic values of compass variation (declination) at specific locations and dates may be found at www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag-web.

What if my airport doesn't have a compass rose?

No compass rose? You still may have a chance. Many airports now have at least one published straight-in instrument approach, where the final approach course aligns perfectly with the runway centerline.

Assuming you have a non-slaved gyroscopic Heading Indicator (formerly called a Directional Gyro), carefully align your aircraft along the runway centerline and set your H.I. to the current published value of the final approach course. Then taxi clear of the runway and use your H.I. as magnetic-heading guidance for at least the four cardinal-direction readings of your magnetic compass. As mentioned above, though, beware of gyroscopic precession. If your procedure takes longer than about 5–10 minutes, you may need to return to the runway centerline and reset your Heading Indicator instrument to correct for its inherent drift.